A portfolio is a collection of a student’s classroom and homework submitted to show their growth and achievement. One purpose for these portfolios is for a student to reflect on their work and growth throughout the school year. Another purpose of classroom portfolios is for a student to be judge on the merit of the content of their work based on a specific criterion.
What Are the Common Types of Portfolios?
Portfolios are divided into three categories. The first category is a display portfolio. This portfolio showcases a student’s best work. A working portfolio is another type of category. It contains either current work or previous projects completed. The third category of portfolios is called the assessment portfolio. The assessment portfolio shows how the student met certain learning requirements and goals.
What is the Advantages of Teachers Using Electronic portfolios?
Electronic portfolios offer students access to various artifacts. They can modify their digital content to meet specific criteria too. They can also use hyperlinks to highlight certain content. For instance, they can hyperlink to a portion about a specific curriculum standard. They can explain in their portfolios why the work meets and/or exceeds that standard. These electronic portfolios allow greater self-reflection because they are providing concrete evidence to why they followed rules and met standards.
Developing Guidelines for Electronic Portfolios
When adding an electronic portfolio to students’ assignment, be realistic about expectations and designs. There are going to be some students who are going to excel and some who are going to be as artistic. Be detailed in expectations, timeline and strategies. Students should understand they are stakeholders in their portfolios. This will help them take more ownership and assist teachers in assessing work.
In addition to developing criteria for choosing what goes into their portfolios, teachers must establish learning objectives and help them:
1. Focus on Collection: Items gathered should be based on the audience, purpose and future use of the portfolio.
- Focus Students on Reflection: Students should include statements about each item in the portfolio and the entire collection of work.
- Giving Students Direction: Make sure students review of their reflection for future goals and not just a good grade.
- Make Sure They Add a Connection: Their electronic portfolio must have hypertext and hyperlink. This gives the teacher an opportunity to provide feedback on the portfolio instead of providing feedback in written form.Can Paper and Electronic Portfolio Be Used Together?Yes. Students can print out a paper copy for records. The paper portfolio content only gives one part of the student’s work. An electronic portfolio provides a digital format that is easily transported and duplicated.
Teachers Must Remember that Electronic Portfolios Aren’t Digital Scrapbooks
Many teachers often emphasize the digital part of an electronic portfolio to their students. Instead, they should emphasize the portfolio part. It’s easy for students and teachers to get side tracked by web development. Reflection is critical and can’t be overlooked in any type of portfolio.